The number of graduate students opting to take graduate courses in basic sciences such as microbiology, biotechnology and other specialties has been in decline, meaning several educational institutions in India have closed. There are many possible reasons, but a lack of adequate job openings for the graduates, or general, global funding cuts for research in niche areas are a few worth mentioning.
On the other hand, the increase in automation and usage of robots has slowly eroded the larger job market. Examples here are Taiwanese manufacturers considering employing robots in assembly lines for producing electronic devices, or Japanese homes for the elderly using robots to help entertain and assist the retirees.
But there are a few areas in which humans cannot be made redundant. One is in the field of personalized medicine. Whether it’s engineering of tooth tissue or culturing specific cells to help Graft-versus-host-disease, or a step-wise procedure of cadaver-donor derived scaffold based artificial organ, careful human hands are required. Automation happens only when large quantities of a product are produced. Personalized medicine is the exact opposite of that – each product is individualized, and thus cannot be done on a huge conveyer belt. In this way, the biotechnology of personalized medicine could help produce jobs.